Continuing on The 37 Practices of the Bodhisattvas | Rinpoche requests a student to recite and comment on verse 1 | Student enumerates the eight freedoms and the ten advantages | In the abhidharma teachings, they talk about different mental factors | Five aggregates | Form, the most visible, the most gross | Feeling, the cause of so much discord amongst all sentient beings | Perception, what sows discord amongst people with different views | Mental factors or conditioning factors, way of mapping out our mind | The five omnipresent factors, present in every mental process and necessary for every act of cognition | Feeling | Perception, basis of disagreement and controversy | Intention | Contact | Attention | The five object-ascertaining factors which deal with specific aspects of the object | The eleven wholesome factors which cause the five omnipresent, the five object ascertaining and the four variable factors | Faith | Sense of shame, without which the foundation of our discipline is very shaky | Sense of decency, a genuine sense of not wanting to hurt others | Conscientiousness | Flexibility, an openness of our mind | Evenness, that protects against the emotional disturbance of desire, anger, and ignorance | Non-attachment | Non-aggression | Non-perplexity | Non-violence | Joyful diligence | When these different conditioning factors meet together with our intention to become a bodhisattva a result will arise | The six root defilements are the cause of all emotional conflicts and mental distortion | to not mistake attachment with love | Example of lighting a lamp and putting water into it: the idea of causes and conditions producing an effect | Conditions are as important as the cause for something to grow: example of spark lighting a forest | The need to recognize the conditions | Anger | Pride | Ignorance | Defiled views | Doubt | The twenty lesser defilements | Carelessness is something so annoying for many of us – different from carefree | Laziness, the comfort of not being conscientious and concentrated | Lack of faith | Dullness | Excitement | Shamelessness | Disregard | Anger | Rancour | Dishonesty | Spitefulness | Envy | Dissimulation | Miserliness | Pretension | Self-satisfaction | Cruelty | Forgetfulness: allowing interesting and distracting things during meditation | Distraction | Inattention | The four variable factors | The 37 Practices of the Bodhisattvas - Review of verse 12 - Mind training here isn’t a self-flagellating thing, it is endowed with wisdom | Verse 13 - What is the use of protecting our face, if our heart is being attacked by acid? | Mind training is protecting what is the most important, the peace of your own mind | Verse 14 – The necessity to protect our mind from anger: Would we rather be in a beautiful castle, living in the prison of our own paranoia, or living in no castle but completely sane and happy? | Many of us are crazy about social media but not when someone says something about us | Trying to mask our unwholesome negative mental function with a positive one | Not retaliating with anger to infamy is a sign of intelligence | Atiśa Dīpaṃkara: consider unfavourable things said about yourself as an echo | It is possible to learn to not get angry at bad words that we hear about ourselves | Mind training is about protecting one’s own peace | Verse 15 – Necessity to not allow us to be disturbed | Not get angry | Necessity to have a mind that can obey our disciplines | Necessity to have respect to the person that insults us, like our teacher | Bow down with respect | Śāntideva points out how fickle our mind is | The need to see these twenty-six negative mental functions as acid | The danger of spiritual materialism in terms of mind training | Verse 16 – Two aspects: taking on the path ungratefulness and disrespect | Most parents feel this | Understand that this other person is also possessed by defilements, disturbing emotions | Make wishes instead of joining the person in the defilement | Aspire to develop compassion | Emotions don’t last very long but put us in a mood | Laziness as obstacle to śamatha, and the four antidotes | Pliancy takes a long time, mind training requires a series of training | The importance of aspiration prayers to inspire the mind, and to create conditions | Śamatha: daily mental push-ups connected with right motivation to give strength to your mind | Example of Mr. Universes’ muscles—useless muscles without right motivation.
03 / Nov. / 2017 | Morning | Part 2
Jigme Khyentse Rinpoche
[Audio tracks: 016-021] Main topics: Thirty-seven Practices of a Bodhisattva verse 17,18,19,20 & 21
Verse 17 - Even if my peers or inferiors out of pride, do all they can, to debase me | watch our conditioning factor of anger | patience is something really very powerful, really valuable | See other sentient beings as teachers as wish fulfilling jewels | Considering other sentient beings dearly and respecting them, whatever the conditions, not loosing this inner care, not letting hatred or anger arise, is something very important | Verse 18 - Taking decline and rise on the path | the importance of courage | taking on mentally the suffering of others to boost courage | all suffering can be the cause of freedom and courage | even the smallest adversity will help us exhaust our karma of suffering | adverse conditions considered like a teacher | suffering seen as a broom that cleans away negative actions from the past | not being distracted from mind training in adverse conditions | “Without suffering there will be no renunciation” with sadness and suffering it reduces our pride, and makes us more kind and compassionate | see suffering as a blessing | triggers for patience and compassion | When adverse conditions happen cleansing our obscurations can happen | how our perception needs to be changed is another aspect of mind training | Verse 19 - prosperity on the path | see how impermanent it is | watch out for the enemy of self satisfaction, the enemy of pride | Atiśa would not even despise or disrespect a stray dog | “child,on the peak of pride, no positive qualities can be held”| don’t let the mental factor of pride and arrogance arise | We don’t have much choice but to allow water and earth beneath us | noticing where this kind of prosperity can affect us, pride, attachment, anger, or fear | we need to be able to protect our mind from these | So that´s the idea of training our mind. These are all still about post meditation time | Verse 20 - Taking attachment and hatred on the path | How to take anger on the path | changing our perception of loss, of feeling discouraged on the path | What do we do when conditions of anger arise? | when unpleasant sensation, gives rise to perception, that gives rise to impulse, the action, the volition of, which ever direction you choose, these are all part of mind training we need to be aware of | All of this is being ruled over by our own mind | We need a calm mind, a mind with equanimity to see this disturbance | trying to see that anger, not the person, but the anger as an enemy | “pot calling the kettle black” | We need to appreciate, loving- kindness, compassion, and the mental state that we are in, when we feel kind and compassionate, see how this hatred, or this anger, is actually disturbing it | We need to experience almost viscerally, that these negative mental factors are not desirable, are cause of suffering | we have tremendous attachment to our habits even though it´s painful | There is a big difference between the wish to subdue our anger, and ability to subdue our anger, and continuous wish to subdue our anger | We can´t do śamatha without understanding, that anger is harmful | that moment we subdue our inner anger, our aggression, then all outer enemies disappear | Verse 21 - Sense pleasures, desirable things, are like salt water | The more we drink, the more we get thirst | pleasure has consequences | Attachment has created so much difficulties | we need to see the defects, the disadvantage, the harm that this attachment does | this attachment can cause anger, irritation, pride, jealousy | we need to see our object of attachment is not only endowed with positive qualities, it has a lot of disadvantages, we need to see those disadvantages, again and again, so that the desire to not have it, comes up
03 / Nov. / 2017 | Afternon | Part 1
Khenchen Pema Sherab Tulku Pema Wangyal Rinpoche
[Audio tracks: 022-034] Main topics: Sūtra Questions Regarding Death and Transmigration. The bardos, four types of birth
Pema Wangyal Rinpoche introduces Khenchen Pema Sherab Rinpoche | All this interest in lineages and monasteries is unnecessary | Explanation of Prayer in Seven Branches | Khenchen Pema Sherab Rinpoche: Developing a vast motivation before listening to teachings | thinking of all beings as our dear parents | The three defects of the pot and the proper way to receive teachings | The subject of teaching: Sūtra “Questions Regarding Death and Transmigration” and provenance of the text | Bardos | Bardo of birth and life | Bardo of dying | Bardo of dharmatā | Bardo of becoming | Four types of birth |Beginning of the sūtra | Translator’s homage. ‘Born with joy’. King Śuddhodana asks and is granted permission to ask questions. The king’s questions.
03 / Nov. / 2017 | Afternon | Part 2
Tulku Pema Wangyal Rinpoche
[Audio tracks: 035-047] Main topics: 37 practices of a bodhisattva, verses 1—12
the “37 practices of the Bodhisattvas” | Checking our attitude | Three perfections | Enlightened attitude is very precious | Negative actions and suffering | Verse 1 - Precious human life | Verse 2 - Abandoning unfavourable places | Verses 3 - Relying on solitude | Three types of solitude, inner, outer and secret | Verse 4 - Giving up concerns for this life | Verse 5 - Avoiding unsuitable friends | Until stability is gained, we must avoid then | Verse 6 - To rely on a spiritual friend | Verse 7 - The Three Jewels | Verse 8 - Suffering is result of negative actions | The ten negative actions | Reducing and stopping the negative actions | Verse 9 - Freedom that will never change | Verse 10 - Our mothers are suffering | Verse 11 - becoming free from suffering | Achieving lasting happiness | Verse 12 - Dedicating to those who rob us | The important of the text 37 practices of a Bodhisattva | Buddha’s writing as an offering | Concentration | Gampopa’s meditation | Awareness without disturbance | How to dedicate | Seeing the illusory nature
04 / Nov. / 2017 | Morning | Part 1
Jigme Khyentse Rinpoche
[Audio tracks: 048-054] Main topics: Mind training—attachment, relationships, sense objects; Attachment - Craving, sense objects, addictions; Vajrayāna—misunderstandings, emotions, alcohol, meat, partners, siddhas
The “Thirty-Seven Practices of the Bodhisattvas”, Verse 21: Attachment to sense pleasures | Relating to sense objects | Not wanting to be deprived | Wrong reasons to practice Vajrayāna | Misunderstandings | Tremendous power, like a bulldozer | Need to learn to manoeuvre | Caught in sense objects | Alcoholic person and drinking in moderation are not compatible | Craving will sever the life force of liberation | Objects of attachment, like partners | Judgement addicts | Being generous and craving | Reducing is good, but it’s still defilement | idea of not needing to work with emotions in Vajrayāna | Eating meat | Drinking | Vegetarianism, organic, healthy views as fundamentalist | Alcohol and meaning of “amṛta” or “dütsi” | Being like “drug-pushers” selling misunderstandings of Vajrayāna | Siddhas, Chatral Rinpoche, Virūpa, Guru Rinpoche | Knowing oneself | Not against anything outside, just removing that danger to our own mind | How to bring attachment on the path | Analyse the teachers, before committing | Our vulnerability to sense objects | Attachment makes our practice not the main thing in life | Partners as undeclared slaves | Relationships and mind training | Attachment to ideas | Changing how our mind relates to things that it likes and doesn’t like
04 / Nov. / 2017 | Morning | Part 2
Jigme Khyentse Rinpoche
[Audio tracks 055-064] Main topics: Question and answers; Mind training; Disturbing emotions; Vajrayāna; Enjoying emotions; Attachment.
Questions and Answers | Question: Goody goody practitioners | Devotion and freedom | The acidic effects of disturbing emotions | Confidence in the power of it’s toxicity | Question on how to let go | Letting go of ideas and judgements | Question on struggling with negative emotions such as anger | Question on coping with insults without becoming a doormat | Swallowing the anger with the insult | Question on attachment to things and to the Dharma | Question on liberating negative thoughts | Question on emptiness leading to nihilism | Compounded nature and impermanence | Question on the aggregate of feeling | Question on guilt in eating meat | Question on who is the real me, the controlled or the worse one | Patience with ourselves | Question on eating meat and Vajrayāna | The story of the Divine Mad Man | Question on achieving enlightenment while enjoying sense pleasures | It’s a powerful path that needs the right kind of practitioner | Appreciation for vajrayāna and readiness to act accordingly | The mahāsiddha that was very attached to his ring | Question on practice based on instinct | Question on battling to be a nice person | Discipline is punishment | Training the mind is not a comfortable thing to do.
04 / Nov. / 2017 | Afternon | Part 1
Jigme Khyentse Rinpoche
[Audio tracks 065-078] Main topics: Sūtra Questions Regarding Death and Transmigration. Rebirth as human or as god; Do beings disappear
at death; Do beings continue living as before.
Sūtra Questions Regarding Death and Transmigration | How to listen to teachings | The title of sūtra, in Sanskrit | The setting |
Summary of the sūtra’s ten questions | 4th question: Do beings live after death as they did before? | 5th question: Will beings that are proud and wealthy continue to proud and wealthy after death? | 6th question: Will people that are poor and humble be also in the next life? | 7th question: Do people switch back and forth between both states of wealth? | 8th question: Those who ride horse and so on, enjoy things, will continue to do so afterwards? | 9th question: If relatives give or dedicate food to the deceased, he will enjoy food inexhaustibly? | 10th question: Will they speak and have same appearance as before? | Buddha’s answers negating the worldly views expressed in the questions 1,2,3,4 | Are they reborn as human or as gods | Do they disappear and cease to exist completely | Do they continue living in the same way as their forefathers.
05 / Nov. / 2017 | Morning | Part 1
Jigme Khyentse Rinpoche
[Audio tracks 079-086] Main topics: Question and Answers: Transference of consciousness; Interdependence; Attachment; Tonglen;
Doctrinal superiority and compassion.
Question and Answer session | Question: if everything is impermanent, what is it that goes from one life to the other | Question: Difficulties with interdependence and projections of mind | Question: Uniting both realities and duality | Question about spontaneous appearance | Question about guilt and regret for Westerners | Question about attachment to Dharma practice | Question on attachment to children | Question about transfer of consciousness | Question about attachment to Kangyur Rinpoche | Question about Tonglen and holding back | Question about pleasurable sensations, doctrinal superiority and compassion | Question about keeping the bodhisattva vow | Question about being tied in concepts about Buddhism.
05 / Nov. / 2017 | Morning | Part 2
Jigme Khyentse Rinpoche
[Audio tracks 087-095] Main topics: Thirty-Seven Practices of the Bodhisattvas - Verse 13; Bodhicitta— in intention, giving rise, not losing
it; Four virtuous and non-virtuous dharmas or conducts.
Reciting stanzas - 13 of the “Thirty-Seven Practices of the Bodhisattvas” | On bodhicitta in intention | The four non-virtuous and the four virtuous dharmas | Bodhicitta in intention | Not abandoning sentient beings | Not abandoning even a single sentient being | Not losing the bodhicitta | Bodhicitta is the foundation of Buddhahood | The ten dharma activities – accumulating merit | The four means of magnetizing | Training in giving rise to bodhicitta and dedicating our merit | How not to forget bodhicitta | Abandoning four unwholesome conducts and engaging in four wholesome conducts.
05 / Nov. / 2017 | Morning | Conclusion
Tulku Pema Wangyal Rinpoche
[Audio track 095] Main topics: Padmakara; Teachings in Portuguese; Making use of time for the teachings.
Padmakara’s transcriptions and translations in Portuguese | Precious teachings | Memorization | Making use of our brain | Wasting time | Ama-la’s use of time | How we use time | Using and integrating the teachings.
05 / Nov. / 2017 | Afternon | Part 1
Khenchen Pema Sherab
[Audio tracks 096-105] Main topics Sūtra Questions Regarding Death and Transmigration. After-death; Rebirth; Visions of deceased;
different classes of spirits.
Sūtra Questions Regarding Death and Transmigration | The situation people will be in, once they have died | According to wealth | being rich or being poor is not unchangeable | Practice of generosity, without stinginess, cannot bring about poverty | When people go to their next
life, they have to reap the result of the actions they performed in this life | the visions that some sensitive people have of a dead relatives | It’s the creation of spirits who take the place of those who have recently died | Gandharvas and other classes of spirits | Three factors that maintain people’s life: the duration of life, the la energy and the life sustaining force | believing that the visions people have of dead beings are not real but only
05 / Nov. / 2017 | Afternon | Part 2
Tulku Pema Wangyal Rinpoche
[Audio tracks 106-116] Main topics: Limitless mental dispositions; the effects of actions; Sādhana practice of Chenrezig; Maṇi Mantra and
Bringing everything on the path | Making our aspiration limitless |Buddha’s first teaching the Four Noble Truths | Path of Bodhisattvas for those of limitless mental dispositions | Our difficulties as purifications of negative actions | Thought of how to remove sufferings of others | Śamatha and four bondless thoughts to remove obscurations | Stories by the Buddha regarding effects of actions | The beautiful voice and the bell | The girls beauty and the smile | The pig chasing a dog around a stupa | The pig that accidentally repaired a stupa | instructions on the 37 Practices of Bodhisattvas | Sādhana | Analytical meditation | Chenrezig, The Lord of Great Compassion | The mantra Oṃ maṇi padme hūṃ hrīḥ | The power of each syllable | Limitless love | Perceptions of the deceased and the intermediate state | Hell-realms as mental displays | The sādhana of Buddha Śākyamuni.
Fundação Kangyur Rinpoche
Rua Padre Luis Aparicio, nº9 - 6ºE
Le Plantou, 24580 Plazac-France